The Blue Morpho Butterfly is one the largest butterflies in the world with wings spanning from 5 to 8 inches.
The Blue Morpho Butterfly has wings that are bright blue, as it’s name implies, with black edges. Their vivid blue coloring is a result of the microscopic scales on the backs of their wings, which reflect light.
The underside of the Blue Morpho’s wings are a dull brown color with many eyespots that provides camouflage against predators such as birds and insects when its wings are closed.
When the blue morpho flies, the bright blue and dull brown colors flash, making it look like the morpho is appearing and disappearing.
The males’ wings are broader than those of the females and are brighter in color.
The Blue Morpho Butterfly live in the tropical forests of Latin America.
Adults spend most of their time on the forest floor and in the lower shrubs and trees. When looking for mates, the blue morpho butterfly will fly through all layers of the forest.
People will see morphos in clearings and along streams where their bright blue wings are most visible. Pilots flying over rainforests have even encountered large groups of blue morphos above the treetops.
The blue morpho butterfly lifespan lasts only 115 days. Most of their time is spent eating and reproducing.
The blue morpho’s diet changes throughout each stage of its life. As a caterpillar it prefers to dine on plants in the pea family. When it becomes a butterfly it can no longer chew and drinks its food. Adults its long protruding mouth as a drinking straw to sip the juice of rotting fruit and the fluids of decomposing animals. Blue morphos taste fruit with sensors on their legs.
Blue morphos butterfly are severely threatened by deforestation of tropical forest.
People provide a direct threat to them because their beauty attracts artists and collectors from all over the world, who wish to capture and display them. Birds are the adult butterfly’s natural predators