Kidney stones form when there is a decrease in urine volume and/or an excess of stone-forming substances in the urine. Kidney stones range in size from just a speck to as large as a ping pong ball.
Pain in your flank area, groin, or abdomen. Blood in your urine. The pain can be quite severe. The most agonizing pain in the lower back just below the ribs spreading around to the front of the abdomen and often extending into the groin area. The pain may come in waves as the stone tries to move through the tube between the kidney and the bladder (the ureter). Sometimes there will be blood in the urine. Often there is nausea, fever and chills, and vomiting. The abdomen or lower back may be painful to touch.
Dehydration. Genetics and family history. People with certain medical conditions, such as gout, and those who take certain medications or supplements ( higher than recommended vitamin D and C) and too much salt . Excessive weight is also a risk factor for kidney stones. A person who has had one kidney stone is at a high risk to develop another.
If you think you might have a kidney stone see your doctor.
If you have a small stone then you will probably pass it on your own without treatment. Just drink plenty of water to help it pass.
Treatment includes pain-control medications and, in some cases, medications to facilitate the passage of urine.
Larger stones may need Lithotripsy. It is a procedure that uses shock waves to break a kidney stone into smaller pieces that can be more easily expelled from the body. The device used for this procedure is called a Lithotripter. Kidney stones can also be removed surgically.
Keep hydrated and drink 8 to 10 glasses of WATER each day.
Reduce sodium in your diet.
If you suffer from stones avoid stone-forming foods: Beets, chocolate, spinach, rhubarb, tea, and most nuts are rich in oxalate, and colas are rich in phosphate, both of which can contribute.