More debilitating than a migraine, cluster headaches produce sudden, sharp pain that’s usually concentrated around one eye or one side of the head, and episodes occur in clusters for weeks or months. “It’s nicknamed the suicide headache because patients have suicidal thoughts to get away from the pain,” says Mackey. “My patients have told me that it makes them want to bang their heads against a wall or take a drill to their head.” While the cause isn’t known, steroids, calcium-channel blockers, and anti-seizure medication may bring relief for sufferers, most of whom are men.
Although the name of this condition sounds bogus, the pain is all too real, typically occurring in one of the limbs after trauma or simple injury—even a run-of-the-mill twisted ankle or broken arm. The pain and swelling starts in a small area then spreads throughout the limb, causing it to feel “like a blow torch,” in the words of one sufferer. “I saw a patient who came in on a winter day with one of his pant legs cut off,” says Kim. “Just having the material touch his skin brought about too much pain to bear.” Doctors aren’t sure why some people develop the condition, though they generally agree there’s a genetic component, and more women are affected than men. An intense combo of rehab, medications, and neuro-stimulation helps control the pain.
It’s a fancy way to refer to an inflamed bladder. “Patients tell me that it feels like their pelvic area is burning all the time,” says Webster. In extreme cases, sufferers may urinate 60 times a day. Physical therapy, nerve stimulation, and medications, such as anti-inflammatories, help provide relief.
Infections, tumors, and other conditions can trigger this pain in the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensation from your face to your brain. “Patients describe it as feeling their face is on fire,” says Kim. The pain tends to be throbbing, and in some cases, occurs every few minutes with the right side of the face most often being affected. One of the go-to treatments: anti-seizure medication.
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